general phrase structure grammar

general phrase structure grammar
Information technology: GPSG

Универсальный русско-английский словарь. . 2011.

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  • Discontinuous-constituent phrase structure grammar — (DCPSG) (distinct from Discontinuous Phrase Structure Grammar/DPSG) is a formalism for describing discontinuous phrase structures in natural language, such as verb phrases in VSO languages. The formalism was introduced in the slightly more… …   Wikipedia

  • Grammar — is the field of linguistics that covers the rules governing the use of any given natural language. It includes morphology and syntax, often complemented by phonetics, phonology, semantics, and pragmatics. Each language has its own distinct… …   Wikipedia

  • Transformational grammar — In linguistics, a transformational grammar, or transformational generative grammar (TGG), is a generative grammar, especially of a natural language, that has been developed in a Chomskyan tradition. Additionally, transformational grammar is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Context-free grammar — In formal language theory, a context free grammar (CFG) is a formal grammar in which every production rule is of the form V → w where V is a single nonterminal symbol, and w is a string of terminals and/or nonterminals (w can be empty). The… …   Wikipedia

  • Construction grammar — The term construction grammar (CxG) covers a family of theories, or models, of grammar that are based on the idea that the primary unit of grammar is the grammatical construction rather than the atomic syntactic unit and the rule that combines… …   Wikipedia

  • Tree-adjoining grammar — (TAG) is a grammar formalism defined by Aravind Joshi. Tree adjoining grammars are somewhat similar to context free grammars, but the elementary unit of rewriting is the tree rather than the symbol. Whereas context free grammars have rules for… …   Wikipedia

  • Definite clause grammar — A definite clause grammar (DCG) is a way of expressing grammar, either for natural or formal languages, in a logic programming language such as Prolog. DCGs are usually associated with Prolog, but similar languages such as Mercury also include… …   Wikipedia

  • Structure editor — A structure editor, also structured editor, is any document editor that is cognizant of the document’s underlying structure. Structure editors can be used to edit hierarchical or marked up text, computer programs, diagrams, chemical formulas, and …   Wikipedia

  • Phrase book — A phrase book is a collection of ready made phrases, usually for a foreign language along with a translation, indexed and often in the form of questions and answers. Structure While mostly thematically structured into several chapters like… …   Wikipedia

  • Lojban grammar — Lojban is a constructed, human speakable and (theoretically) machine speakable language, based on predicate logic. It is one of the latest languages, designed in 1987 with most of its grammar from Loglan and some features from Láadan. Most of its …   Wikipedia

  • generative grammar — The theory of language structures first proposed in Chomsky s Syntactic Structures (1957). Just as physics studies the forms of physically possible processes, so linguistics should study the form of possible human languages. This would define the …   Philosophy dictionary


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